KVM Virtualization: How to Mount Guest Qcow2 KVM Disk on Host Machine
During working on KVM Guest Linux machine, i need to transfer some files from Guest to Host machine.
In Linux environment it could be quit easy with various services available in Linux machine like NFS, Samba, FTP or HTTP that we could configure on Host/Guest machine and export file over same. but what when we have un-shareable network like in Guest machine is connected to VPN and can’t share files on network interfaces.
In such cases we need to understand that we need something which is independent to network and data could share on non-network interfaces. like we have one setup below
Host Machine ubuntu : 16.04 (Normal network)
Guest Machine centOS : CentOS7 (connected to VPN)
I can access Guest machine through serial console or through virt-manager graphical console only not any network console like SSH etc. But with serial console, i think we can’t access files and directories to Host to guest and vice versa.
Disk Setup on Guest
So here we will learn how can we access Guest qcow2 disk image on Host machine and mount it on Host machine.
We have below Disk and LVM created on Guest machine
File attached on KVM Guest form Host
#virsh domblklist srv7 Target Source ------------------------------------------------ vda /data/vmware_images/CentOS7/system.img #qemu-img info /data/vmware_images/CentOS7/system.img image: /data/vmware_images/CentOS7/system.img file format: qcow2 virtual size: 20G (21474836480 bytes) disk size: 2.4G cluster_size: 65536 Snapshot list: ID TAG VM SIZE DATE VM CLOCK 1 srv7-27-Apr-2017 0 2017-04-27 11:20:18 00:00:00.000 Format specific information: compat: 1.1 lazy refcounts: false refcount bits: 16 corrupt: false
Disk on Guest Machine
#virsh console srv7 #accessing Guest console Connected to domain srv7 Escape character is ^] [root@srv7 ~]# pvs PV VG Fmt Attr PSize PFree /dev/vda2 centos lvm2 a-- 19.51g 0 [root@srv7 ~]# vgs VG #PV #LV #SN Attr VSize VFree centos 1 2 0 wz--n- 19.51g 0 [root@srv7 ~]# lvs LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Meta% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert root centos -wi-ao---- 17.51g swap centos -wi-ao---- 2.00g [root@srv7 ~]# fdisk -l /dev/vda Disk partition Disk /dev/vda: 21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes, 41943040 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk label type: dos Disk identifier: 0x00093fdd Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/vda1 * 2048 1026047 512000 83 Linux /dev/vda2 1026048 41943039 20458496 8e Linux LVM
With above output it is clear that we have one disk vda that has two partitions. out of two partition one partition has one VG (centos) and that VG has two LVM (root and swap). So here root LVM is mounted for root file-system as below
[root@srv7 ~]# df -hTP /dev/centos/root Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/centos-root xfs 18G 1.7G 16G 10% /
Connect Guest Disk file on Host
let’s start trying mounting it on Host machine with Network block device method as mentioned below.
For mounting it first we need to detect this device in Host machine. for same we need to connect it with qemu-nbd command in below mentioned way.
qemu-nbd --connect=/dev/nbd0 /data/vmware_images/CentOS7/system.img
Sometime i saw nbd module is not added in kernel modules. This need to be added in kernel modules as mentioned below.
#modprobe nbd #lsmod| grep nbd nbd 20480 1 #modinfo nbd filename: /lib/modules/4.4.0-79-generic/kernel/drivers/block/nbd.ko license: GPL description: Network Block Device srcversion: C67096AF2AE3C738DBE0B7E depends: intree: Y vermagic: 4.4.0-79-generic SMP mod_unload modversions parm: nbds_max:number of network block devices to initialize (default: 16) (int) parm: max_part:number of partitions per device (default: 0) (int)
After connecting it you would able to see this disk in your system with fdisk command like below
#fdisk -l /dev/nbd0 Disk /dev/nbd0: 20 GiB, 21474836480 bytes, 41943040 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0x00093fdd Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type /dev/nbd0p1 * 2048 1026047 1024000 500M 83 Linux /dev/nbd0p2 1026048 41943039 40916992 19.5G 8e Linux LVM
Mount Guest Disk on Host
Now you just need to detect this PV in your system and mount LV as per standard procedure like below.
First we have to scan PV with pvscan command , but sometime i noticed pvscan command not show new PV devices like below for same , we have to use –cache with pvscan command
#pvscan PV /dev/sda2 VG Data_vg lvm2 [99.90 GiB / 0 free] Total: 1 [99.90 GiB] / in use: 1 [99.90 GiB] / in no VG: 0 [0 ] #pvscan --cache #pvscan PV /dev/nbd0p2 VG centos lvm2 [19.51 GiB / 0 free] PV /dev/sda2 VG Data_vg lvm2 [99.90 GiB / 0 free] Total: 2 [119.41 GiB] / in use: 2 [119.41 GiB] / in no VG: 0 [0 ]
Like above we could re-fresh again for system PV list and locate our new PVs. Further we could scan system VGs and mount required LVs in Host directories like below.
#vgscan Reading all physical volumes. This may take a while... Found volume group "centos" using metadata type lvm2 Found volume group "Data_vg" using metadata type lvm2 #vgchange -ay 2 logical volume(s) in volume group "centos" now active 1 logical volume(s) in volume group "Data_vg" now active #lvscan ACTIVE '/dev/centos/swap' [2.00 GiB] inherit ACTIVE '/dev/centos/root' [17.51 GiB] inherit ACTIVE '/dev/Data_vg/Data_vg_lv' [99.90 GiB] inherit #mount /dev/centos/root /mnt #df -hTP /mnt Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/centos-root xfs 18G 1.7G 16G 10% /mnt
So in above way, we are able to connect Qcow2 format file and mount it in local Host directory.