KVM Virtualization: How to enable KVM virsh console access for Ubuntu Linux VM
KVM is great tool for virtualisation on Linux machines, it provide complete control over Virtual machine and provide reliable alternative in terms of any third-party tools in market..
There are many cloud platforms which are working in Linux virtualisation on back-end. In terms of connectivity we have better option in KVM, which connect it through serial console.
In this post we would see how we could connect Ubuntu17.04 KVM Virtual machine through serial console. I remember in earlier version and distributions, it need to configure serial console in grub file, but in Ubuntu its very easy and reliable as most of configurations and settings are already configured in OS.
let's see how things happened here ...
For this post, we are using Ubuntu-17.04 Guest Machine on Ubuntu-16.04 Host machine.
#virsh list Id Name State ---------------------------------------------------- 23 ubuntu-17.04 running
How to setup serial console, for same we have to connect machine and login on as root user.
Login through SSH
We could connect on KVM Guest machine through SSH from Host Machine.
#ssh 192.168.122.37 email@example.com's password: Welcome to Ubuntu 17.04 (GNU/Linux 4.10.0-19-generic x86_64) ....... ...... ...... ....... Last login: Sun Aug 6 04:16:38 2017 root@srvu:~# hostname srvu
Connect through VNC
We could connect Guest machine through VNC Viewer and could setup Serial console from there. Configuring and connecting VNC viewer posted here. This could be best option to connect Guest machine in any troubleshooting because it could configure without any network connectivity, this also make it same control which we have in serial console with Graphical User Interface from remote host.
Connect with virt-manager
This is Graphical User interface on Host Machine. For this we should have access to Host Machine or Graphical desktop from remote through SSH or VNC.
#apt-file search bin/virt-manager virt-manager: /usr/bin/virt-manager
Above package should installed for this command. Like in below image we could connect KVM Guest machine.
Configure a serial console in the Ubuntu guest
After getting login console we need to start serial console and enable it with below two commands.
# systemctl start serial-getty@ttyS0 # systemctl enable serial-getty@ttyS0 Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/getty.target.wants/serial-getty@ttyS0.service → /lib/systemd/system/serial-getty@.service.
Now we could connect serial console in easy way with virsh console command.
#virsh console ubuntu-17.04 Connected to domain ubuntu-17.04 Escape character is ^] Ubuntu 17.04 srvu ttyS0 srvu login: root Password: Last login: Sun Aug 6 04:44:22 IST 2017 from 192.168.122.1 on pts/0 Welcome to Ubuntu 17.04 (GNU/Linux 4.10.0-19-generic x86_64) ...... ...... ...... root@srvu:~# hostname srvu
Small Video for same